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* for a quick review of dementias
 #135530  
  dolly123 - 11/04/06 14:38
 
  Recently described by many as high yield:

This is short/quick review of the types of HY dementias we should be familiar with..compiled from UW and kaplan

Most common causes
Alzheimer's disease
Vascular dementia (also known as multi-infarct dementia), including Binswanger's disease
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB)
Alcohol Induced Persisting Dementia
Pick's disease
Frontotemporal dementia (or frontal variant FTLD)
Semantic dementia (or temporal variant FTLD)
Progressive non-fluent aphasia

Less common causes( ie It can also be a consequence of):

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Huntington's disease
Parkinson's disease
HIV infection (leading to AIDS dementia complex)
Head trauma
People with Down's syndrome have an increased risk of developing dementia of the Alzheimer's type. This risk increases as the person ages.

Treatable causes
Less than 5% of a sample of dementia cases have a potentially treatable cause. These include:

Hypothyroidism
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency
Vitamin B12, Vitamin A deficiency
Depressive pseudodementia (note: dementia and depression can coexist in many patients and can be difficult to differentiate.)
Normal pressure hydrocephalus
Tumor
 
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