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* Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
 #325354  
  rehellohie - 08/04/08 15:36
 
  Insomnia counselling =ABCDEFGHJKLMN
Avoid
Bedtime
Concerns (worries)
Drugs (nicotine/caffeine/Alcohol)
Excercise/Excitement (TV Shows)

Follow
Good
Habits for sleep.
Jetlag
Keep
List (Diary)
Monitor
Naps (day time)
 
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* Re:Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
#1408769
  rehellohie - 08/04/08 15:46
 
  D/D = BACK PAIN

Pneumonic = LIMCOTS

* Lumbar Spinal stenosis
* Intervertebral disc herniation
* Multiple Myeloma/ Mets (Prostate, Breast ,Lung)
* Cauda equina synd/ Cancer
* Osteoporosis/Osteoarthritis
* Trauma/ TB
* Strain (muscle)


Check list= SIQQOR AAA & then ROS =Age/ Bone pains/ constipation=MM/Bowel, bladder/Relieving factors/ Phx of trauma/Surgical Hx(Prostate) /Chest pain,hemoptysis ,Fever &chills/ With bone & joint problems =Functional impairment (SOS=Help)Q's i.e Sleep/Occupation/Suport
 
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* Re:Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
#1408770
  rehellohie - 08/04/08 15:47
 
  Nasuea & Vomiting = A MOPING

* Anorexia
* Metabolic( DKA)/Meds
* Obstruction (pyloric /Intestinal)
* Pregnancy
* Inflammation( Pyelo/Cholecysto/Appi/Pancreas/PID)
* Neurological (BETA)= Bleed/Encephalitis/Tumor/Abscess
* Gastroenteritis
 
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* Re:Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
#1408777
  rehellohie - 08/04/08 15:49
 
  Here's a mnemonic for the ObGyn Hx :
LMP RTV CS PAP

LMP !!
Menarchae
Period ( lasts .... days?)
Reglarity ( every .... wks?)
Tampoons/Pads # per day
Vaginal discharge, itching , dryness
Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)
Spotting ( intermenstrual / post coital )
Pregnency ( Hx & complications)
Abortion /miscarriage
PAP smear ( last time result ?, Hx of past abnormal result ? )
 
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* Re:Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
#1408780
  rehellohie - 08/04/08 15:51
 
  for the causes of Dyspareunia :
DATIVE
Domestic abuse
Atrophic vaginiyis ( don't forget to ask about s/s of Menopause)
Tumor ,Pelvic
Infection ( lower : Vulvovaginitis - Cervicitis / Upper : PID )
Vaginismus
Endometriosis ( don't forget to ask 'bout Cyclic pelvic pain )
 
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* Re:Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
#1408782
  rehellohie - 08/04/08 15:52
 
  FOR PEDIATRIC HISTORY.


F E V E R C U D Seizure + P A M I F B I G D E A L S.


FEVER- Fever, Ear pulling, Vomiting, Ear discharge,eyes discharge, Rash, CUD- Chest symptoms n Cold-runny nose,cough,chest painfast respirations,shortness of breath, Urination-any increased or decreased urination,no. of wet diapers,any odour,colour of urine, Diarrhea-frequency,onset,mucus in stool,blood in stool,any cryin during defecation , Seizure-any jerky movements,any leakage of urine or stool during fits,ant post ictal irritability,or loss of consciousness.


PAM - P-Past medical,past surgical hx, previous hospitalizations. A-Allergies, M-Medications, IF I-Ill contacts, F -family history, BIG -B- birth hx, I-Immunizations, G-Growth n development,ht,wt,milestones. D-DEALS- Day care, E-Eating habits,feeding of da baby, A-Appetite, L-Look of tha baby or appearance, S- Sleep
 
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* Re:Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
#1408783
  rehellohie - 08/04/08 15:53
 
  Menstrual History FM DIAL

F Frequency

M Menarche

D Duration

I Intensity

A Amount

L LMP
 
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* Re:Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
#1408786
  rehellohie - 08/04/08 15:54
 
  For back pain "red flags"

TUNA FISH

Trauma
Unexplained weight loss
Neurological signs
Age > 50

Fever
Intravenous drug use
Steroids for long time
History of cancer
 
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* Re:Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
#1408796
  rehellohie - 08/04/08 15:59
 
  Mental state examination: stages in order
"Assessed Mental State To Be Positively Clinically Unremarkable":
Appearance and behaviour [observe state, clothing...]
Mood [recent spirit]
Speech [rate, form, content]
Thinking [thoughts, perceptions]
Behavioural abnormalities
Perception abnormalities
Cognition [time, place, age...]
Understanding of condition [ideas, expectations, concerns]
 
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* Re:Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
#1408797
  rehellohie - 08/04/08 16:00
 
  Short statue causes
RETARD HEIGHT:
Rickets
Endocrine (cretinism, hypopituitarism, Cushing's)
Turner syndrome
Achondroplasia
Respiratory(suppurative lung disease)
Down syndrome
Hereditary
Environmental (postirradiation, postinfectious)
IUGR
GI (malabsorption)
Heart (congenital heart disease)
Tilted backbone (scoliosis)
 
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* Re:Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
#1408798
  rehellohie - 08/04/08 16:01
 
  Pyrexia of Unknown Origin: history taking
SIT ON FRAD:
Sexual history
Immunisation status
Travel history
Occupational history
Nutrition (consumption of dairy products, etc.)
Family history
Recreational habits
Animal contacts (including ticks and other vectors)
Drug history
 
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