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* Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
 #391105  
  meduploader - 03/10/09 00:56
 
  HPI (history of present illness)

Ask for: LIQOR AAA

L Location of the symptom (forehead, wrist…)
I Intensity of the symptom (scale 1-10, 6/10)
Q Quality of the symptom (burning, pulsating pain…)
O Onset of the symptom + precipitating factors
R Radiation of the symptom ( to left shoulder and arm)
A Associated symptoms ( palpitations, shortness of breath)
A Alleviating factors (sitting with my chest on my knees)
A Aggravating factors (effort, smoking, large meals)

PMH (past medical history)

Search for: PAM HUGS FOSS

P Previous presence of the symptom (same chief complaint)
A Allergies (drugs, foods, chemicals, dust …)
M Medicines (any drugs the patient used)
H Hospitalization for any illness in the past
U Urinary changes ( esp if diabetic, elderly…)
G Gastrointestinal complains (diet changes, bowel movements…)
S Sleep pattern (waking up/going to sleep…)

F Family history (simmilar chief complaints/serious illness)
O OB/GYN history (LMP, abortions, para…)
S Sexual habits (active/preferences/STD…)
S Social life (job/house/smoking/alcohol…..)


Pain history checklist
mnemonic:CLITORIS:
Character
Location
Intensity
Timing
Onset
Radiating
Irritating and relieving factors
Symptoms associated





 
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* Re:Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
#1681637
  meduploader - 03/10/09 01:04
 
  HOPI For A CC OF URINARY COMPLAINT

mnemonic:FINISHED PUBS




Frequency ( How frequent do u Ux)
Incontinence( Do u hav trouble holding Ux)
Nocturia ( do u hav 2 wak up @ Night)
Incomplete emptying ( do u feel fullnes after Ux)
Stream (How is ur stream?)
Hematuria ( did u notic any blood)
Hesitancy (do u hav 2 wait b4 starting Ux)
Dysuria (Did u hav diff Ux)
Pyuria ( did u pus in Ux)
Urgency (do u hav 2 rush)
Burning (dysuria) (does it burn)
Strain (Do u hav to strain during Ux)

 
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* Re:Mnemonics for USMLE Step 2 CS cases
#1681638
  meduploader - 03/10/09 01:06
 
  OBESITY

mnemonic:OBESITY-DISC

Osteoarthritis
Breathing problems
Excess Cholestrol
Sleep Apnea
Increased Incidence Ca’s (Endomet/Breast/Colon)
Type 2 DM
hYpertension
Depression
Incontinence
Stress
Cholelithiasis/Cycle disturbances/Cardiac

——————

Syncope/ Loss of Consciousness/Spells

mnemonic:CAMPUS

* CAD
* Arrythmias/ Aortic Stenosis
* Migraine/ Meds
* Psychiatric /Personality disorder( hyperventilation)
* Unexplained Syncope
* Seizures/Strokes


—————–

D/D Confusion

mnemonic = DEMENTIA

* Diabetes /Dementia/ Drugs
* Epilepsy
* Migraine/Mult Infarct Dementia
* Ethanol (withdrawl / Toxicity)
* Neurological Deficit diseases= BETA (Bleeds,Encephalitis,Tumors,Abscess,Meningitis)
* TIA/ Trauma
* Insulin/ Infections
* Alzheimers/Abscess


..................................................................

D/D = BACK PAIN

mnemonic = LIMCOTS

* Lumbar Spinal stenosis
* Intervertebral disc herniation
* Multiple Myeloma/ Mets (Prostate, Breast ,Lung)
* Cauda equina synd/ Cancer
* Osteoporosis/Osteoarthritis
* Trauma/ TB
* Strain (muscle)


............................................................

Nasuea & Vomiting

mnemonic= A MOPING

* Anorexia
* Metabolic( DKA)/Meds
* Obstruction (pyloric /Intestinal)
* Pregnancy
* Inflammation( Pyelo/Cholecysto/Appi/Pancreas/PID)
* Neurological (BETA)= Bleed/Encephalitis/Tumor/Abscess
* Gastroenteritis


...................................................................................

Dizziness

mnemonic: DENTAL CAMPUS

* Diabetic comp ( Orthostatic )
* Ear problems (Meniere’s/ BPV)
* Neural tumors/Neuropathy
* Thyroid
* Anemia
* L leave me
* CAMPUS is same as is for SPELLS/LOC/SYNCOPE

..................................................................


Mnemonic for orderly HOPI questions

mnemonic= ABCDF- SIQOR AA ROS

* Appear/Begin=Duration
* Context= Precipitation (wht were u doin b4, during ?Anythin different?)
* Development = Progression (sudden / progressive, Any changes overtime)
* Frequency= persistent/intermittent ( how often/how long)
* Site
* Intensity= 0-10/10
* Quality = character
* Other sympt = ROS
* Radiation= move
* Aggravation
* Alleviation
* ROS
 
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